Type 2 Diabetes
Our bodies convert carbohydrates into a type of sugar called glucose. The pancreas then releases a hormone called insulin. Insulin helps regulate the amount of glucose in our bloodstream, storing some of it in our liver and muscles, and turning any excess into fat. If you have type 2 diabetes, your body doesn’t respond correctly to insulin regulation, so the levels of glucose in your blood will rise. This can cause a range of serious complications, including peripheral neuropathy (nerve damage), diabetic retinopathy (an eye condition that can lead to blindness), and an increased risk of heart attacks or strokes.
Type 2 diabetes can be managed effectively by making lifestyle and dietary changes. If you follow a very low calorie keto diet such as PronoKal’s PnK plan, you'll be able to handle sugar more efficiently and effectively. This could reduce the risk of you developing diabetes or, if you currently suffer from the condition, could help you to manage it better or even get you into diabetes remission.
Dyslipidaemia and Cardiovascular Conditions
Our blood naturally contains two types of fat (or "lipids"). The first is cholesterol, which comes in two forms:
1. LDL-cholesterol (or "bad cholesterol") - Too much of this suggests an increased risk of developing atherosclerosis. This is a condition in which plaque builds up within your arteries, restricting blood flow. Atherosclerosis can be a contributory factor in conditions such as angina, coronary heart disease, and peripheral arterial disease.
2. HDL-cholesterol (or "good cholesterol") - If you have healthy levels of this in your blood, it will transport a proportion of your "bad cholesterol" to your liver to be broken down. This can reduce the chances that you will develop atherosclerosis and associated cardiovascular conditions.
The second type of blood fat is triglycerides. Our bodies convert excess calories from food into triglycerides and store them away to use later as energy. However, if our triglyceride levels are too high, it can cause the same type of issues as high LDL-cholesterol.
Switching to a ketogenic diet can reduce the levels of "bad cholesterol" and triglycerides in your system, and can also boost the amount of "good cholesterol" in your blood. This will minimise your risk of developing life-threatening cardiovascular conditions.
If your body becomes insulin-resistant due to your weight, your liver may become fatty. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is dangerous because it can cause liver fibrosis and cirrhosis (scarring). It has also been linked to liver cancer, kidney cancer, high blood pressure, and type 2 diabetes.
The best way to restore your sensitivity to insulin is to reduce the amount of carbohydrates and sugars in your diet. A keto diet could therefore be an excellent option.
Obesity-Related Inflammation – The Cause of Many Obesity-Related Diseases
Scientific studies have shown that obesity induces low-grade inflammation. Not only does this make it harder to achieve and maintain weight loss, but inflammation is recognised as the link between obesity and many chronic diseases.
The keto diet helps to reduce inflammation through weight loss and the formation of beta-hydroxybutyrate, one of the ketone bodies produced when we burn fat. The PronoKal diet, in addition, has a patented ingredient with anti-inflammatory properties.